Drones Commercial Applications and it’s Market
The zenith of technological advancements in avionics can be particularly represented by Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). These UASs are the result of the development of highly sophisticated miniaturization, batteries, electronics, data-processing techniques, and optics. After a proven track record of usage in military and security operations, the pro UASs have now tailored the technology for a variety of commercial applications.
Unlike other western countries, commercial development of UAS in US has lagged behind because of bureaucratic delays in Federal Aviation Administration’s commercial approvals. Despite of the delays in commercial approvals, the forward-thinking firms are still very enthusiastic about this new technology.
The ability of UAS to carry a variety of payloads, can be a source for various other commercial applications, e.g. it might carry instruments and sensors that collect LiDar data, air samples, meteorological data, infrared images, digital imagery, and videos. In addition to the above UAS can used in situations perilous to human life, such as at the sites of accidents involving toxic chemicals, in case of floods, forest fires, and storms etc.
Security/Safety Inspections and agriculture are two other significant domains where the use of UAS can provide a comparatively cost-effective solution for many problems. This may include regular inspections of power transmission lines, inspection of bridges, border control, harbor control, inspection of pipelines, mines, landfills, and area and event security. With the help of UAS, thorough surveys of fields can be conducted time and again, allowing for detailed recognition of areas where fertilizers, pesticides, and/or water are needed. This would result in timely measures and increased yield. Whether it is to locate lost live stock, to spray the crops with protection products, or to map the area after a natural disaster, UAS has multiple applications.
Another cost effective application of UAS is for traditional topographic mapping of small projects, such as landfills, open-pit mines, and coal stock piles, which need frequent revisits. Emergency response, search and rescue, and damage assessment are other highly useful applications for the technology.
Comparison between Different Types Of UAS
The use of different types of UAVs varies according to the specific application. Thus, the decision must be made considering the advantages and disadvantages of different UAV types.
Rotary UAS (helicopter) design provides bigger opportunities for many services because of its low operating cost and small size. Being able to maintain one particular position in space, rotary UAS efficiently collects precise data throughout the project. With moving vertically and horizontally, the aircraft can cross the restricted areas like bridges and underpasses. It can also produce high-resolution images by moving near targets.
To add to its efficiency, the aircraft can safely land and takeoff with the help of more controlled mechanism. This effectiveness has made rotary UAS to one of the reliable aircrafts to carry delicate payload.
Although the aircraft provides successful results for aerial surveying, there are still some type of data capture that requires large sensors and huge aircraft for achieving the target. To put in words, UAS platform is merely a portion of whole package.
As the professional would need optimum performance and a guaranteed return on their investments, they must select their tool considering all its aspects. To do so, they first need to figure out some common questions.
- Is the UAV reliable and secure?
- Is it efficient and provides accurate results rapidly?
- What are the services offered by the manufacturer?
UAS: Myths vs. Reality
Misconception: Everyone using a UAS for mapping purposes would become an expert.
Reality: Just because it offers opportunities that allow a larger group of user to implement aerial mapping does not mean it would make everyone an expert. Since the system do not possess GNSS IMU sensors like full size planes, it would require training, expertise and extensive survey work to get full control over the UAV.
Misconception: All UAS are created equal.
Reality: If you are looking for UAV that is best suitable for your specific application, go for the one designed for professionals. Keep note of the services and software it offers and the company must be reputable. Ensure that the UAV must be capable of producing required results in an appropriate time otherwise; you might end up wasting your money.
Misconception: Flying on a private property or under 400 feet is acceptable.
Reality: Not all the conventional knowledge about UAS is true. To clarify such myths, one must check the list of the myths provided by Federal Aviation Administration or any other source to make out what activities are restricted.