For many drone and RC flight enthusiasts, buying flying drones just isn’t enough; they need to build them. If you’ve ever wanted to learn about drone construction, or how to make your own UAV, this article will give you a rough idea of how to build your own drone.
The development specifications of each personal drone are different, so make sure you choose a UAV kit that is right for your skill level. If you’re unsure, take a look at our selection of aerial drones for sale to get some inspiration!
Deciding on a Design
There are a variety of different designs for hobby drones available; some are quite similar to planes, while others resemble helicopters with multiple propellers. You can even come up with your own design, so long as you’re sure it will be functional.
Once you’ve decided on a design, it’s time to identify the best transmitters and receivers for your project, as well how many main motors and servomotors will go into its construction.
Transmitters and Receivers
Assuming you’ll want a remotely controlled flying drone, you’ll need both a transmitter and receiver to operate the unit. Receivers will go into the drone itself and will pick up signals from the transmitter, or as they’re more commonly known, remote controls.
Electronic Speed Controllers (ESC)
Electronic speed controllers are a vital part of any remote-operated flying aircraft. Ideally, the type of ESC needed will most likely be a BEC or UBEC, which stands for Universal Battery Elimination Circuit. These devices convert the battery voltage in the unit down to 5 volts since that is the amount of power the receiver needs. The ESC will also convert the DC power of the battery into AC power.
Depending on the style of drone you’re building, you may need a different number of motors. Some need at least four while others can get away with just one. Either way, the standard motor that goes into an RC drone is a brushless motor, which means that it uses AC power. The speed controller fixes that.
You’ll want to research how the battery you choose will affect a motor’s RPM. This is all dependent on the type of drone you’re building, as well as what functionality it should offer.
Servomotors will effectively control various parts of the drone, such as the direction of the propellers, as well as any flaps that might be utilized in the design. The servomotors will plug into the receivers, matching whichever channels will be sending a signal to them.
Putting it All Together
Once you have chosen your parts, it’ll be time to assemble everything into the unit. This will likely require some soldering.
Building your own drone is a fun a rewarding experience; it’s also very addicting! Drone Select offers a variety of parts and even kits to make the process of designing and building your drone quicker and easier.